Key Concepts: NGOs; Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP); Key terminology: political The United Nations; Security Council; NATO; Key terminology: economic International Monetary Fund (IMF); World Bank; World Trade Organisation (WTO); G7(8)/G20; North-South divide; Dependency theory.
2.1.1 The United Nations (UN).
• Origins and development of the UN, including its 1945 charter.
• Role and significance of the UN to include the Security Council, General Assembly, Economic and Social Council, International Court of Justice including their strengths and weaknesses.
2.1.2 North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)
• Role and significance of NATO including its changing role, particularly since the end of the Cold War, and strengths and weaknesses.
2.2.1 International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.
• Role and significance of these institutions, including their strengths and weaknesses. 2.2.2 The World Trade Organisation (WTO) and G7/G8 and G20.
• Role and significance of these institutions, including their strengths and weaknesses.
2.2.3 Significance of how global economic governance deals with the issue of poverty, including:
• The North-South divide and other measurements to include world-systems theory, dependency, orthodox and alternative measurements of poverty.
• Classical economic development theory, structural theory, neo-classical development theory.
2.3 The ways and extent to which these institutions address and resolve contemporary global issues, such as those involving 2.3.1 In particular to focus on:
• how the following prevents the UN Security Council from effectively addressing and resolving the issues above:
(a) the membership and structure
(b) the use of veto
• how the following prevents the IMF and World Bank from effectively addressing and resolving the issues above
(a) pressure for reform and criticism, including Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs), global economic crisis.
2.3.2 The role and significance of the global civil society and non-state actors, including non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in addressing and resolving the issues above. conflict, poverty, human rights and the environment.