4 Power and developments


Key Terminology: Hard power; Soft power; Great power; Superpower; Emerging power; Polarity/Unipolarity/ Bipolarity Multipolarity; Democratic state; Semi-democratic state/nondemocratic state; Autocratic state; Failed states; Rogue states

Key Content: 

4.1 Different types of power.

• The use and effectiveness of the follow types of power:

(a) hard: military and economic

(b) soft: diplomatic and cultural.

4.2 Differing significance of states in global affairs and how and why state power is classified.

• State power classifications:

(a) great powers

(b) superpowers, including the USA

(c) emerging powers, including BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).

4.3 Polarity. • The implications of the following polar structures:

(a) unipolarity/hegemony

(b) bipolarity

(c) multipolarity

• Consideration of the changing nature of world order since 2000.

4.4 Different systems of government.

• The characteristics, examples and consequences for global order of: democratic, semi-democratic, non-democratic, autocratic states, failed states and rogue states.

4.5 Development and spread of:

• liberal economies

• rule of law

• democracy.

4.6 The ways and extent to which the changing relationships and actions of states in relation to power and developments address and resolve contemporary global issues, such as those involving conflict, poverty, human rights and the environment.