Key Concepts: Regionalism; European Union (EU); European integration; Sovereignty; Supranationalism; Intergovernmentalism; Federalism; Global actor; Widening-deepening.
5.1.1 The different forms.
• Growth of regionalism and regionalism in different forms, including economic, security and political.
5.1.2 Debates about and the reasons for and significance of regionalism. •
The relationship between regionalism and globalisation.
• Prospects for political regionalism and regional governance.
• The impact on state sovereignty
5.2 Development of regional organisations, excluding the EU.
• North American Free Trade Association (NAFTA)
• African Union (AU)
• Arab League
• Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).
5.3 Factors that have fostered European integration and the major developments through which this has occurred.
• Formation, role, objectives and development of the European Union (EU).
• Establishment and powers of its key institutions and the process of enlargement.
• Key treaties and agreements.
• Economic and monetary union.
• Debates about supranational versus intergovernmental approaches.
5.4 Significance of the EU as an international body/global actor, including the constraints and obstacles affecting:
• its political, economic, structural and military influence in global politics.
5.5 The ways and extent to which regionalism addresses and resolves contemporary global issues involving conflict, poverty, human rights and the environment.